Jelly, jelly so fine

Friday, March 21, 2008

Philip Jones Griffiths

One of the greatest photographers of our time, Philip Jones Griffiths, died wednesday. He was a photojournalist who took pictures from the edge. His stark pictures were politically neutral but illustrated the inequities of power and the ravages of war. Some were surreal, showing people's lives moving along normally in the most absurd of conditions. The current Aperture Magazine has a wonderful interview with Griffiths which can be accessed online at www.aperture.org/jonesgriffiths.

Below is his obituary from the International Herald Tribune:

Philip Jones Griffiths, a crusading photojournalist whose pictures of civilian casualties and suffering were among the defining images of the war in Vietnam, died Wednesday morning at his home in London. He was 72.

The cause was cancer, said Richard Hughes, an actor and activist who befriended Griffiths in Vietnam.

The book that grew out of Griffiths' reporting there, "Vietnam, Inc.," is considered a classic, and its publication in 1971 helped turn public opinion against the war. Its harrowing pictures — of a blackened burn victim, a thin woman's body splattered with blood, a South Vietnamese boy in soldier's fatigues, his head tiny beneath a huge helmet — were the kind not often shown in newspapers. And Griffiths, a pacifist and passionate opponent of the war, never considered himself a traditional war photographer.

"I saw myself as producing a historical document," he said in 2002 interview on the Web site Musarium.com, adding: "Journalists should be by their very nature anarchists, people who want to point out things that are not generally approved of."

"It's by criticizing that society that humanity has made progress," he said.

While critical of the way the United States was conducting the Vietnam war, Griffiths also included in his book many humanizing images of American soldiers at a time when they were often being demonized back home. One of the most stark showed an American offering a canteen of water to a Vietcong fighter who had survived a stomach wound for three days, holding in his intestines with a cooking bowl. A similar scenario is played out in Francis Ford Coppola's 1979 film "Apocalypse Now."

"There were some bad GI's who did terrible, terrible things," Griffiths said in a lecture at the Frontline Club in London in January "But for the most part they were kids who were confused. They were not the enemy, to me." The enemy was usually governments and bureaucracies, he often said, and he saw photography as one of the best means to bear witness against their failings.

"Virtually the whole of society believes in what they believe not by direct experience but by what they've been told," he said. "We photographers are in this exalted, privileged position of actually going out to find out for ourselves, and that's why we're so dangerous. Because we were there. We saw what happened."

Griffiths was born in the small village of Rhuddlan in Wales, and came to photography only after an aborted career as a pharmacist. While working at a drugstore in London, he asked to be put on the night shift so he could take pictures during the day to try to sell to newspapers.

"Never underestimate the power of boredom," he said in an interview in January with the British newspaper The Independent.

He told a Welsh interviewer in 2004 that "coming from a country being swallowed up by its neighbor gave me a natural sympathy for the Davids over the Goliaths of this world."

Griffiths was deeply influenced by the work of Henri Cartier-Bresson, a founder of the photo agency Magnum, where Griffiths became a longtime member and served as president from 1980 to 1985. Besides Vietnam, Griffiths reported from dozens of other countries. He covered the Yom Kippur War in 1973 and worked in Cambodia from 1973 to 1975.

In 1996, a retrospective of his work, "Dark Odyssey" was published, and in 2001, "Vietnam, Inc." was reprinted by Phaidon Press, with a new introduction by Noam Chomsky. In 2004, Griffiths published a photographic examination of the death, deformities and suffering caused by the use of the defoliant Agent Orange in Vietnam.

Griffiths is survived by two daughters, Katherine Holden of London and Fenella Ferrato of New York and Damascus. He never married, telling one interviewer that he refused to sign papers that would allow "bourgeois society to dictate my emotions."

The kinds of pictures that became "Vietnam, Inc." were often difficult for Magnum to sell to publications, and at times Griffiths was so low on money that he considered leaving Vietnam. But in 1967 he managed to take pictures of Jacqueline Kennedy in Cambodia in the company of a British aristocrat rumored to be her romantic interest at the time; the proceeds from that paparazzi coup allowed him to continue his war photography.

In interviews, he said that he realized early on where his journalistic priorities lay. A London newspaper editor once told him to remember to answer the five basic questions in every photo caption — who, what, why, where and when. Griffiths said the first two and last two struck him as merely perfunctory.

"It's the one in the middle that counts," he said. "To me that's our task, to say 'Why?' "

From the Guardian:

In a recent interview Jones Griffiths explained that he had learned to conquer his fear on the frontline: "I've had a hood put over my head [in Vietnam] and been taken out to be shot. When my executioners cocked their rifles and fired, they missed. Obviously I was scared, but kept thinking this was a more dignified way to go than dying in a car crash. I didn't piss my pants and I'm very proud of that."

The estate of Mr. Griffiths is in limbo after protracted negotiations with the National Library in Wales.

This from the Western Mail:

Mr Jones Griffiths had previously said that he wanted to avoid leaving the matter open after his death.

He said, “I don’t hate dying, I hate loose ends. It would be nice to have it all sorted out so that instead of going to a hospice I could go to an exotic beach, smoke opium whenever the pain got too much and live on a mango and papaya diet.”


Joel Mielke said...

What an amazing person. Thanks for sharing the photos. I'll do a search for more of his work.

Hey, if you know any old people in Fallbrook, ask them if they remember Hoddy Mikkelson, that was my grandfather.

Blue Heron said...

will do - thanks for responding. How did you find me?